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  1. #1
    David Edens's Avatar
    David Edens Guest

    Default Gas fireplace electrical ?

    Just curious about gas fireplace prefabs with gas logs and how they receive power from a wall switch once the pilot has been lighted? All it is behind the faceplace to the gas regulator is just a low voltage wire. I looked behind the panel to see if it has a source of electricity. It did not appear to. Can someone explain how it turns on at a wall? Thanks

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  2. #2
    Join Date
    Mar 2007
    Location
    New Mexico
    Posts
    1,222

    Default Re: Gas fireplace electrical ?

    Wall switch just completes (or disconnects) the circuit. It's just like a thermostat on the wall, except that it is manually operated. There is no line voltage involved for most of them.

    Jim Robinson
    New Mexico, USA

  3. #3
    Join Date
    Mar 2007
    Location
    Near Philly, Pa.
    Posts
    1,632

    Cool Re: Gas fireplace electrical ?

    This is either a millvolt system or Intermittent pilot ignition (IPI). With a mv system, the pilot flame hits a thermopile, which generates ~500-700 millivolts dc, which powers the main operator in the valve. The wal switch is simply in series with the TH and TH/TP terminals on the valve.

    On an IPI, the wall switch closes the contacts to the switching circuit in the module, which takes power either from a transformer or a battery pack. For instance, Hearth & Home Technologies uses a 3 volt dc supply for the controls. This allows you to run it off 2 D cell batteries if need be. In an IPI, the flame conducts a tiny microampere signal to the module and rectifies it into dc, which the module sense as presence of a flame thus allowing gas to flow. Should anything distrupt the electrical connection (yes, flames can conduct electricity), the signal is lost and the unit either shuts down or goes into a re-light mode. Even though the unit requires 110vac, the wallswitch is low voltage. Also, the IPI should be unswitched, which makes for trouble when the AHJ calls for an emergency disconnect switch.

    HTH,
    Bob

    Keep the fire in the fireplace.

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